The Territory was the scene of much fighting between Indians supporting the Union and the Confederacy.
Since there is not time in this presentation to do that, only some forts will be examined.
Most of the forts established by the Army were manned at times totally by volunteer or militia forces raised to fight the Confederates.
Some forts operated by the Army had other functions.
Lawrence was not well defended in the early part of the Civil War.
The August 21, 1863, raid by William Clarke Quantrill, which left much destruction and about 180 Lawrence boys and men dead, changed that.